Patrologia orientalis online dating
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The regular designation in the third century for Christians who relapsed into heathenism, especially for those who during the persecutions displayed weakness in the face of torture, and denied the Faith by sacrificing to the heathen gods or by any other acts.
Nevertheless we learn both from "The Shepherd" of Hermas, and from the accounts of the persecutions and martyrdoms, that individual Christians after the second century showed weakness, and fell away from the Faith. Funk, "Patres Apostolici", 2nd ed., I, 319), we read of a Prhygian, Quintus, who at first voluntarily avowed the Christian Faith, but showed weakness at the sight of wild beasts in the amphitheatre, and allowed the proconsul to persuade him to offer sacrifice.Those who had actually sacrificed (the sacrificati and the thurificati) also received a certificate of having done so.The libellatici, in the narrow sense of the word, were those who obtained certificates without having actually sacrificed., ε 01 (von Soden), is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek.It is a papyrus manuscript of the Gospel of Matthew dating palaeographically to the early 3rd century.Ten of the variants are in the spelling of names in the genealogy. Hoskier (see below), who finds 17-20 word variations, denied close agreement with Vaticanus.
Their findings were published in the first volume of The Oxyrhynchus Papyri in 1898.
After these weak brethren had received their attestations and knew that their names were thus recorded, they felt themselves safe from futher inquisition and persecution.
The majority of the lapsi had indeed only obeyed the edict of Decius out of weakness: at heart they wished to remain Christians.
A great number of the laity, and even some members of the clergy, weakened, and, on the promulgation of the edict, flocked at once to the altars of the heathen idols to offer sacrifice.
We are particularly well-informed about the events in Africa and in Rome by the correspondence of St.
Idolatry was one of the three capital sins which entailed exclusion from the Church.